NICARAGUA is known as “the land of lakes and volcanoes”,
          it contains Central America’s two largest lakes and numerous active volcanoes.

Nicaragua is the largest nation in Central America, is bordered on the north by Honduras, on the south by Costa Rica, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.

Half of Nicaragua is covered by forests. Pines, broad-leaved evergreens, deciduous hardwoods, and savanna grasses provide habitats for many species of mammals, birds, and reptiles. Small amounts of gold and silver are produced.

The rainy season extends from May through November on the Pacific coast and in the highlands and longer in the east. Annual rainfall averages 1,207 mm (47.5 in) at Managua and 2,124 mm (123 in) at Puerto Cabezas and has reached 7,554 mm (297 in) at Bluefields. Temperatures average 27°C (80°F) along the coasts and are lower in the highlands.



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Managua is the capital and largest city of Nicaragua, located in the west central part of the country along the south shore of Lake Managua. Managua serves as the commercial and transportation center of the nation, especially for cotton and coffee grown in Managua's agricultural hinterland. The National Palace, the modern cathedral, and Dario Park are well-known landmarks.
Managua was a large Indian town by the 16th century, when it was taken by the Spanish. In 1857 it was chosen as the capital of Nicaragua, to resolve a conflict over the location of the capital between the larger cities of Leon and Granada. In 1931, Managua was destroyed by a severe earthquake and fire, and subsequently rebuilt. In 1972 another earthquake occurred, resulting in more than 10,000 casualties. A new commercial center is now being built 10 km (6 mi) away from the former city center.

Interesting places:

Museum of 6000-year old footprints of Acahualinca
Palace of culture (mural)
Santiago Cathedral



Lake Nicaragua lies in southwestern Nicaragua, 19 km (12 mi) east of the Pacific Ocean. More than 160 km (100 mi) long and averaging 72 km (45 mi) in width, with a maximum depth of 61 m (200 ft), it is the largest freshwater lake in Central America. The Tipitapa River connects it with Lake Managua, and the San Juan River connects it with the Caribbean Sea. Once an arm of the Pacific, the lake still contains varieties of ocean creatures, including the only known freshwater sharks.


The Island of Ometepe is one of the most famous places of Nicaragua, it is so for a good reason. People are even more relaxed and friendly on the island than in the rest of the country and the natural sights are amazing.

In Altagracia you will find a beautiful museum of ancient civilization and a meso-american sculpture park. Guided tours are offered to climb either volcano on the island. While the Maderas Volcanoe hosts a luxuriant cloud forest and a mystical crater lake, the Concepcion
Volcanoe offers an extremely steep climb up a rocky cliff and to the edge of its smoking crater. It is one of the most active volcanoes of Central America.


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